Comparatives are used to compare two things or two people.Superlatives are used to compare more than two things or two people.
The dog is faster than the cat, but the tiger is the fastest.
Komal is taller than Anamika, but Himanshi is the tallest.
The watch is more expensive than the pen, but the diamond ring is the most expensive.
The dolphin is more intelligent than the cat, but the chimpanzee is the most intelligent.
Amit is older than Sumit, but Gaurav is the oldest.
and ‘-est’ for one syllable adjectives. On the other hand, add ‘-ier’
‘-iest’ for two syllable adjectives which end in ‘y’ while taking away the ‘y’. Use ‘more’ and ‘the most’ with other two or more syllable adjectives.
one syllable: large – larger – thelargest
two syllables with ‘y’: happy – happier – the happiest
two+ syllables: beautiful – more beautiful – the most beautiful
adjectives ‘far’ ‘good’, ‘bad’ have special forms.
far – further – the furthest
good – better – the best
bad – worse – the worst
We say… We don’t say…
My grandfather is the tallest in my family. (NOT My grandfather is the
most tall in my family.)
Oranges are bigger than tomatoes. (NOT Oranges are more bigger than tomatoes.)
This novel is more interesting than my textbook. (NOT This novel is interestinger than my textbook.)